start of the air campaign only days away, General Moore also was anxious to clear out Jubayl so that MAG- li's Hornets could use it as a FARP site and divert base. The 1991 Persian Gulf conflict was its last war. The Royal Bahraini Air Force (abbreviated as RBAF, formerly known as Bahrain Amiri Air Force) is the aerial warfare branch of the Bahrain Defense Force. Deployed from 905th Air Refueling Squadron, 319th Bombardment Wing, Grand Forks AFB, North Dakota (3 Aircraft, 28 August 1990) - March 1991. INCIRLIK AIR BASE, Turkey -- A quarter-century after the fall of the Soviet Union and the ensuing coalition victory during the first Gulf War, Incirlik Air Base remains as important as it has ever been since the end of World War II, even as global threats evolve in size, scope, and symmetry. The rest of the Coalition losses came from anti-aircraft fire. The dramatic air attacks on downtown Baghdad but contrary to what television viewers in 1991 might think, the U.S. Air Force and other Coalition airmen did not direct most of their effort against … French training (which the Iraqis considered decidedly superior to Soviet) resulted in an 80% failure rate; nevertheless those who failed were qualified to fly upon return to Iraq. For the first time in over a decade, the U.S. Air Force is publicly acknowledging it runs an air war out of Al Dhafra Air Base, United Arab Emirates. , On 13 February 1991, two laser-guided smart bombs destroyed the Amiriyah blockhouse, which was a civilian air-raid shelter, killing hundreds of civilians. Gulf War Air Power Survey, Vol V, A Statistical Compedium and Chronology, ADA 279745, p.21-25, accessed at, Learn how and when to remove this template message, 4404th Tactical Fighter Wing (Provisional), 354th Tactical Fighter Wing (Provisional), 388th Tactical Fighter Wing (Provisional), 401st Tactical Fighter Wing (Provisional), 4410th Operational Support Wing (Provisional), 552d Airborne Warning and Control Wing (Provisional), 7th Airborne Command and Control Squadron, 41st Electronic Combat Squadron (Provisional), 314th Tactical Airlift Wing (Provisional), 317th Tactical Airlift Wing (Provisional), 435th Tactical Airlift Wing (Provisional), List of MAJCOM wings of the United States Air Force, List of USAF Provisional Wings assigned to Strategic Air Command, https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a476253.pdf, http://www.afhso.af.mil/shared/media/document/AFD-100927-065.pdf, Service of Boeing B-52G Stratofortress, 2003, Department of Defense Final Report to Congress, "Conduct of the Persian Gulf War," April 1992, Baugher, Joe, 1999, McDonnell RF-4C Phantom II, Baugher, Joe, 2003, McDonnell F-4G Phantom II, Baugher, Joe, 2000, F-15 Eagle in Desert Storm, Baugher, Joe, 2000, Service of General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon with USAF, Baugher, Joe, 2005, Developmental and Operational History of the F-117 Nighthawk, Baugher, Joe, 1999, General Dynamics F-111F, Baugher, Joe, 1999, Grumman EF-111A Raven, Globalsecurity.org Operation Desert Storm Air Forces Table of Organization, Gulf War Air Power Survey Series Volume I, Part 2 Command and Control, pp 475-476, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Organization_of_United_States_Air_Force_Units_in_the_Gulf_War&oldid=979042957, Military units and formations of the United States in the Gulf War, 20th-century history of the United States Air Force, United States Air Force units and formations by war, Articles lacking in-text citations from September 2012, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Air Force Historical Research Agency, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Deployed: 8 August 1990 – 8 March 1991 (24 Aircraft), Deployed: 7 August 1990 – 8 March 1991 (24 Aircraft), Deployed: 27 December 1990 – 24 June 1991 (24 Aircraft), Deployed: *18 December 1990- 13 March 1991 (24 Aircraft)*Redeployed from Thumrait, Oman 8 Aug 1990-18 December 1990, Deployed: 20 December 1990 – 1 July 1991 (24 Aircraft) *from, Deployed: 28 August 1990 – 12 April 1991 (24 Aircraft), Deployed: 19 August 1990 – 1 April 1991 (18 Aircraft), Deployed: 19 August 1990 – 1 April 1991 (6 Aircraft), Deployed: 2 September 1990 – 15 March 1991 (22 Aircraft), Deployed: 15 August 1990 – 25 March 1991 (24 Aircraft), Deployed: 9 August 1990 – 13 March 1991 (24 Aircraft), Deployed: 28 August 1990 - 27 March 1991 (24 Aircraft), Deployed: 8 August 1990 - 17 April 1991 (440 Tons/280 PAX), Deployed: 16 August 1990-March 1991 (24 Aircraft), Deployed: 17 January 1991 – 28 February 1991, 16 Aircraft Composed of elements of the 39th, 40th and 41st Tactical Airlift Squadrons, 8 Aircraft Composed of elements of West Virginia ANG, 8 aircraft Composed of elements of Missouri ANG, 1611th Aeromedical Evacuation Squadron (P), Composed of elements of the 1st Aeromedical Evacuation Squadron (AES), Pope AFB, North Carolina and 2nd Aeromedical Evacuation Squadron (AES), Rhein Main AB, Germany, Deployed from 919th SOG, Duke Field, Florida, Deployed from 1st SOW, Hurlburt Field, Florida, Composed of elements from 1st SOW, Hurlburt Field, Florida; 919th SOG, Duke Field, Florida, 193d SOG, Harrisburg International Airport, Pennsylvania Air National Guard, 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment (Airborne), United States Army unit, located at King Khalid International Airport, 1700th Strategic Reconnaissance Squadron (P), 1704th Strategic Reconnaissance Squadron (P), Deployed from 524th BS/379th BW (5 Aircraft); 668th BS/416 BW (3 Aircraft); 596th BS/2d BW (1 Aircraft), Deployed from 69th BS/42d BW (5 Aircraft); 328th BS/93d BW (3 Aircraft); 668th BS/416 BW (3 Aircraft), Composed of 13 Air National Guard tanker unit elements. P. 16, E-3A Airborne Warning and Control Systems, Organization of United States Air Force Units in the Gulf War, Organization of United States Naval Aviation Units in the Gulf War, Learn how and when to remove this template message, United Nations Security Council Resolution 678, Iraqi Perspectives Project Phase II. It also prevented an effective Iraqi resupply of units engaged in combat, and prevented some 450,000 Iraqi troops from achieving a larger force concentration. The war is also known under other names, such as the Persian Gulf War, First Gulf War, Kuwait War, First Iraq War, or Iraq War ... A total of 48 US Air Force F-15s from the 1st Fighter Wing at Langley Air Force Base, Virginia, landed in Saudi Arabia and immediately commenced round-the-clock air patrols of the Saudi–Kuwait–Iraq border to discourage further Iraqi military advances. By the end of the day, Iraq was well on the way to defeat, in no small part due to the strategic air campaign. , Likewise, Kari itself had a number of deficiencies of which Coalition air forces would take advantage. […] Continue Reading. The Americans lost 28 fixed-wing aircraft and 15 helicopters; the British lost 7 fixed-wing aircraft; the Saudi Arabians lost 2; the Italians lost 1; and the Kuwaitis lost 1. Other elements of what later became known as the first Gulf War also remain with us. Iraq begins dumping Kuwaiti oil into Gulf, torching Kuwaiti oil wells, other facilities. Stephen B. Michael. After the end of combat operations, most of the combat forces of CENTAF returned to their home stations. This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/. H-2 became an important target for U.S. F-117 "Stealth" fighter attacks in the opening days of the 1991 war, according to military analysts. U.S. officials claimed that the blockhouse was also a military communications centre. Here are six important facts you should know about it. A day after the deadline set in United Nations Security Council Resolution 678, the coalition launched a massive air campaign, which began the general offensive codenamed Operation Desert Storm with more than 1,000 sorties launching per day. Two Mirage F1 fighters laden with incendiary bombs and two MiG-23s (acting as fighter cover) took off from bases in Iraq. After this episode, the Iraqis made no more air efforts of their own, sending most of their jets to Iran in hopes that they might someday get their air force back. The 53d and 22d TFS (Combined Squadrons) and deployed to Al-Kharj Air Base Saudi Arabia, while the 525th TFS flew its F-15s to Incirlik Air Base Turkey as part of USAFE's Joint Task Force Proven Force. The sorties were launched mostly from Saudi Arabia and the six Coalition aircraft carrier battle groups (CVBG) in the Persian Gulf and Red Sea. Saudi Arabia and other Gulf Arab states are about to lose a major ... the air war had been going for almost two years with little military success while inflicting enormous ... Al-Udeid Air Base. This achievementopened opportunitie… Five hours after the first attacks, Iraq's state radio broadcast a voice identified as Saddam Hussein declaring that "The great duel, the mother of all battles has begun. This was used by the army of the United States towards the end of the Gulf War. The command and control of allied forces deployed to the Middle East initially as part of Operation Desert Shield, later engaging in combat operations during Operation Desert Storm, were assigned to United States Central Command Air Forces (USCENTAF), the USAF component of the Joint United States Central Command. The command and control of allied forces deployed to the Middle East initially as part of Operation Desert Shield, later engaging in combat operations during Operation Desert Storm, were assigned to United States Central Command Air Forces (USCENTAF), the USAF component of the Joint United States Central Command. Bombs destroyed the utility of all major dams, most major pumping stations, and many sewage treatment plants, telecommunications equipment, port facilities, oil refineries and distribution, railroads and bridges were also destroyed. France also maintains its own navy base in Abu Dhabi, the Emirati capital. The U.S. bombed highways and bridges linking Jordan and Iraq, crippling infrastructure on both sides.  In addition, 68 fixed wing aircraft and 13 helicopters were destroyed while on the ground, and 137 aircraft were flown to Iran and never returned. Bowen was given access to the site and did not find evidence of military use. The first week of the air war saw a few Iraqi sorties, but these did little damage, and 36 Iraqi fighter aircraft were shot down by Coalition planes. Coalition aircraft set forth on the largest air campaign since World War II on 17 January 1991. Situated 12 miles east of Panama City in Bay County, Tyndall Air Force Base is home to the 325th Fighter Wing. '., Schreiner, J. To this day, the camp is still in use. Iraqi Air Force The ... 1991 Gulf War. Additional training was provided by the Soviet Union, with Mirage pilots attending courses in France. Footage shows aircraft departing for the first air strikes of the war. Kuwait. It is currently classified as a standby airfield, not in everyday use. This base is mainly under the control of the Air Support Operations Centre. In the beyond-visual-range (BVR) kill, an Iraqi MiG-25 piloted by Zuhair Dawood fired an R-40RD missile, shooting down an American F/A-18 and killing its pilot, Lieutenant Commander Scott Speicher. air base defender community think of friendly air bases in those terms. They were not dispersed, as with the Yugoslav forces in Kosovo.  Providing complete coverage of Iraqi airspace were 478 early warning radars, 75 high-frequency radars, and 154 acquisition radars. Although each IOC was datalinked to their respective SOC and in turn back to the ADOC, the defense sectors couldn't share information between each other. pbs online web site copyright 1995-2014 WGBH educational foundation SUPPORT PROVIDED BY Collectively, the other Coalition partners accounted for over 600 aircraft. Entire Iraqi divisions were dug in the open while facing U.S. forces. Provided Special Air Mission transport for CENTAF/CENTCOM leadership and civilian VIPs from coalition nations and the United States. Checkmate, Air Staff planning group under Col. John Warden in Directorate of Plans, starts developing basic plan for strategic air war. Unconfirmed Iraqi aerial victory claims include an RAF Tornado GR.1A piloted by Gary Lennox and Adrian Weeks, however the Tornado in question crashed to the ground due to pilot error on a different date than the supposed air-to-air kill is claimed to have taken place. Persian Gulf CVBGs included USS Midway, USS Theodore Roosevelt, and USS Ranger. Air Force IDs Guard Captain Killed in Michigan F-16 Crash; Base Flight Ops Halted The Wisconsin Air Guard has identified the F-16 pilot killed during a crash in Michigan as Capt. First tankers to arrive at Jeddah in August 1990-March 1991 (76 Aircraft), Deployed from 2d BW (7 Aircraft); 69th BS/42d BW (2 Aircraft); 668th BS/416th BW (8 Aircraft) January–March 1991, Deployed from 524th BS/379th BW (8 Aircraft); 340th BS/97th BW (1 Aircraft); 524th BS/379th BW (8 Aircraft) January–March 1991, Composed of flights (August 1990-March 1991) from, 97th BW (6 Aircraft); 596th BS/2d BW (2 Aircraft); 668th BS/416th BW (2 Aircraft); 328th BS/93d BW (1 Aircraft) January–March 1991, Composed of 69th BS/42d BW (16 Aircraft); 328th BS/93d BW (16 Aircraft), 1640th Tactical Airlift Wing (Provisional), 1650th Tactical Airlift Wing (Provisional), 1670th Tactical Airlift Group (Provisional), Air Force Special Operations Command (Provisional), 1612th Military Airlift Squadron (Provisional), Smallwood, 2005, 'Warthog: Flying the A-10 in the Gulf War, This page was last edited on 18 September 2020, at 12:30. These claims have not been confirmed. “We are working on initial battle damage assessments,” Pentagon spokesman Jonathan Hoffman said in a statement, adding that the bases targeted were Al Asad air base and another in Erbil, Iraq. Read More The Coalition of the Gulf War flew over 100,000 sorties, dropping 88,500 tons of bombs, widely destroying military and civilian infrastructure. Immediately condemned by the international community, Iraq was sanctioned by the United Nations and given an ultimatum to withdraw by January 15, 1991. , The Coalition lost a total of 75 aircraft – 52 fixed-wing aircraft and 23 helicopters – during Desert Storm, with 39 fixed-wing aircraft and 5 helicopters lost in combat.  A day after the Amiriyah attack, a British warplane fired a laser-guided missile at a bridge in the Al-Fallujah neighborhood west of Baghdad. It began on 17 January 1991, at 2:38 AM, Baghdad time, when Task Force Normandy (eight US Army AH-64 Apache helicopters led by two US Air Force MH-53 Pave Low helicopters) destroyed Iraqi radar sites near the Iraqi–Saudi Arabian border which could have warned Iraq of an upcoming attack. Cluster munitions and BLU-82 "Daisy Cutters" were also used. According to the "Gulf War Air Power Survey", Tallil had 36 hardened aircraft shelters. Iraq lost a total of 259 aircraft in the war, 105 of which were lost in combat. The base is located in the capital of Saudi Arabia. As a result, CENTAF set up a table of organization which established provisional Air Divisions to prevent too many units reporting directly to CENTAF headquarters. https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Air_engagements_of_the_Gulf_War Airfields. Zuhair Dawood Sie ist Mitglied der Arab Air Carriers Organization. Coalition planners hoped that Iraqi resistance would quickly collapse if deprived of command and control. The Gulf War is sometimes called the "computer war", due to the advanced computer-guided weapons and munitions used in the air campaign, which included precision-guided munitions and cruise missiles, even though these were very much in the minority when compared with "dumb bombs" used.  In particular, RAF and US Navy aircraft which flew at low altitudes to avoid radar were particularly vulnerable, though this changed when the aircrews were ordered to fly above the AAA.. They were spotted by US AWACs, and two Royal Saudi Air Force F-15s were sent to intercept. Um Al-Ma'arik (The Mother of All Battles): Operational and Strategic Insights from an Iraqi Perspective, "Iraqi Air Force Equipment — Introduction", http://www.iraqinews.com/iraq-war/iran-transfers-88-russian-sukhoi-fighter-planes-iraq/, http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/iraq/air-force-equipment-intro.htm, IRAQ & AFGHANISTAN: DEJA VU ALL OVER AGAIN, John Sweeney Responds on Mass Death in Iraq, "Iraqi air-air victories during the Gulf War 1991", Bibliography of the Desert Shield and Desert Storm, United States Army Center of Military History, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gulf_War_air_campaign&oldid=995302248, Aerial operations and battles of the Gulf War, Pages containing London Gazette template with parameter supp set to y, Articles with dead external links from October 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles needing additional references from February 2009, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 550 combat aircraft, numerous air defence systems, Coalition gain air superiority within one week, This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 08:53. However, the lack of adequate terrain for concealment hindered their operations, and some of them were killed or captured such as occurred with the widely publicised Bravo Two Zero patrol of the SAS. Each SOC oversaw the local airspace and commanded anywhere from two to five Intercept Operations Centers (IOCs) per sector. Armed with a GAU-8 rotary cannon and heat-seeking or optically guided Maverick missiles, A-10 Thunderbolts bombed and destroyed Iraqi armored forces, supporting the advance of US ground troops. CHECK OUT THESE OTHER CHANNELS:CLASSIC COMEDY CLIPS: http://www.dailymotion.com/ClassicComedyClipsWSCVIDEOS: http://www.dailymotion.com/WSCvideosI SAW … Remembering World War I, 100 Years Later. The system was primarily oriented towards defending against much smaller attacks from Iraq's most likely enemies – Iran, Syria and Israel – and focused on point defense rather than area defense. A. This meant there were significant gaps in its coverage, particularly on the orientation from Saudi Arabia straight to Baghdad, and attacking aircraft would be able to approach their target from multiple directions.  The air campaign was commanded by USAF Lieutenant General Chuck Horner, who briefly served as Commander-in-Chief – Forward of U.S. Central Command while General Schwarzkopf was still in the United States. During the invasion of Kuwait on 2 August 1990, the Kuwaiti Air Force lost 12 fixed-wing aircraft, which were destroyed on the ground, and 8 helicopters, 6 of which were shot down and 2 of which were destroyed while on the ground. Iraq responded by launching eight Iraqi modified Scud missiles into Israel the next day. The first priority for Coalition forces was the destruction of Iraqi command and control bunkers, Scud missile launch pads and storage areas, telecommunications and radio facilities, and airfields. Hundreds of thousands of troops were deployed to Saudi Arabia in preparation for the war against Iraqi autocrat and former ally Saddam Hussein. War I. A few days later the Iraqis made their last true air offensive of the war, unsuccessfully attempting to shoot down F-15s patrolling the Iranian border. The UAE hosts 5,000 U.S. military personnel, many at Abu Dhabi’s Al Dhafra Air Base, where American drones and advanced F-35 jetfighters are stationed. USS America, USS John F. Kennedy, and USS Saratoga operated from the Red Sea (USS America transitioned to the Persian Gulf midway through the air war). Upon return to the U.S. the coordinates were used as the basis for designating targets in Baghdad.. Soviet trainers generally passed everyone but assessed less than half of the IQAF students would've been accepted into Soviet fighter units. Outlaw Hunter vectored in strike elements, which attacked the Iraqi naval flotilla near Bubiyan Island, destroying eleven vessels and damaging scores more. Kuwait claims to have shot down as many as 37 Iraqi aircraft. Marine Corps close air support AV-8B Harriers employed their 25mm rotary cannon, Mavericks, Cluster munitions, and Napalm against the Iraqi dug-in forces to pave the way forward for the Marines breaching Saddam's defenses. Up to 154 SAM sites and 18 SAM support facilities were located in Iraq, with another 20 or 21 sites in the Kuwati theater of operations (KTO). Deployed from 301st Air Refueling Squadron, 301st Air Refueling Wing, Malmstrom AFB, Montana (1 Aircraft, 29 August 1990) It was revealed a year after the Gulf War that seven B-52Gs fired 35 AGM-86C conventional air launched cruise missiles (CALCMs) against eight targets in northern Iraq, including hydroelectric and geothermal power plants near Mosul, and the telephone exchange in Basara. In addition, the air force suffered from spare parts shortages and maintenance shortfalls, and a majority of their equipment like the MiG-21 were outdated and of dubious combat value.  The attack began with a wave of deep-penetrating aircraft – F-111s, F-15Es, Tornado GR1s, F-16s, A-6s, A-7Es, and F-117s, complemented by F-15C, F-14s and Air Defense Tornados. In the later years of World War II Wurtsmith Air Force Base was used as a fighter-interceptor training base and housed the 332d fighter group, which was part of the famous Tuskegee Airmen. War in the persian Gulf Operations Desert shielD and Desert storm The final number of Iraqi civilians killed was 2,278, while 5,965 were reported wounded. In response, the Iraqi Air Force launched Operation Samurra in an attempt to break the blockade imposed on them. Wild Weasels were very effective; unlike North Vietnamese, Iraqi SAM operators did not turn radar off until just before launch. In that war’s aftermath, thousands of troops and a significantly expanded base infrastructure were left in Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. Concurrently, US Navy BGM-109 Tomahawk cruise missiles struck targets in Baghdad, and other coalition aircraft struck targets throughout Iraq. It missed and hit a residential area, killing up to 130 civilians. Zuhair Dawood The air campaign of the Gulf War, also known as the 1991 bombing of Iraq, was an extensive aerial bombing campaign from 17 January 1991 to 23 February 1991. Iraq’s leader, Saddam Hussein, ordered the invasion and occupation of Kuwait with the apparent aim of acquiring that nation’s large oil reserves, canceling a large debt Iraq owed Kuwait, and expanding Iraqi power in the region. These missile attacks on Israel were to continue throughout the six weeks of the war. Air Force: MiG-29: 1 Was shot down by Cesar Rodriguez in a dogfight later.It is reported that he shot down a RAF panavia tornado,but this aircraft is recorded as crashed on a mission in Ar Rutbah on 22 January 1991 during the first Gulf war. This … One of the most significant US military bases in the Persian Gulf region is located in Kuwait. The provisional organizations established were inactivated; their temporary nature meaning that no official lineage or history was retained by the USAF. This led to a reduced emphasis on air base defense measures and the misperception that sanctuary was the Iraqi targets were located by aerial photography and GPS coordinates. Al Dhafra Air Base, UAE 24°14'54" N 54°32'52"E. Al Dhafra Air Base in the United Arab Emirates is located about an hour outside of Abu Dhabi, the capital of the United Arab Emirates. Like its aircraft, much of Iraq's ground air defenses were also outdated: SA-2 and SA-3 systems were nearing the end of their operational lifespan and their countermeasures were well-known at this point, while its other SAM systems were not much younger. Magnum! In this integrated air campaign, coalition air forcesquickly gained and maintained air superiority. , On the eve of Operation Desert Storm, the Coalition of the Gulf War numbered 2,430 fixed-wing aircraft in the Kuwaiti Theater of Operations (KTO), almost three-fourths of which belonged to the United States Armed Forces. The U.S. government claimed the Iraqi government fabricated numerous attacks on Iraqi holy sites in order to rally the Muslim community.  These first attacks allowed F-14, F-15, F-16, and F/A-18 fighter bombers to gain air superiority over Iraq and then continue to drop TGM-guided and laser-guided bombs. Jan. 24 Saudi pilot flying F-15C shoots down two Iraqi F-1 Mirages attempting to attack coalition ships with Exocet missiles. The magnitude and the power of the air attack was a shock to all concerned. The other 33 were lost to accidents. While providing air support for Provide Comfort and Northern Watch was turned over to USAFE, Southern Watch was under the command of CENTCOM’s Joint Task Force Southwest Asia (JTF-SWA) and required the continuing use of air bases in Saudi Arabia and other Gulf states. , Much of this equipment was combined into an integrated air defense system (IADS) overseen by Kari, an automated C2 computer system developed by Iraq and built by French contractors in the wake of Operation Opera (Kari in turn is the French spelling of Iraq backwards).  Iraq had also constructed 594 hardened aircraft shelters to house nearly its entire air force, protecting them from attack. The 1990–1991 Gulf War was the last major United States Air Force combat operation of the 20th Century. The U.S. Navy also maintains a small base in Fujairah on the Gulf of Oman. However due to International military intervention against ISIL, personnel have returned to old bases and new bases created. To defend Saudi Arabia and Kuwait were to continue throughout the Arabian peninsula surrounding. Hussein 's Iraq invaded Kuwait on 2 August 1990 last manned, tactical reconnaissance aircraft in the region for 20. Them in 2014: the Deployment of USAF forces. [ 39 ] to attacking Scuds, of., which attacked the holy cities of Najaf and Karbala communication facilities Iran held to. Public domain material from the 4th TFW ( Provisional ), which attacked the Iraqi forces tried. Iraqi SAM operators did not find evidence of military use their supply lines and the US Combined Operations. 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Warden in Directorate of Plans, starts developing basic plan for strategic Air War organizations established inactivated.
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