is hinduism polytheistic or monotheistic

So it got me thinking. This is why it is commonplace for Hindus to be seen in Buddhist or Jain temples, in Sikh gurudwaras, and in mosques and churches. Hinduism will be used as a primary example, since it offers a good example of polytheism and how it can be blended with the Hindu understanding of monotheism into a useful and practical theology. "Polytheism" (from the Greek polutheos, "many gods") denotes a theological system involving a belief in and worship of multiple divinities. Hinduism. they believe many Gods. Answer #11 | 11/12 2014 00:44 It can be any of them. Therefore, Hinduism is not polytheistic. I have come to the conclusion that Hinduism is neither, but monistic. Whereas a traveler of spiritual path, follower of teachings contained in Bhagavad Gita and Upanishads considers Hinduism to be monotheistic. He is all knowing, all powerful, and ever present. After one final query, the teacher says to him, "There is one god." STUDY. Is Buddhism Monotheistic, Polytheistic, or Nontheistic? Professor of Religion, University of Hawai’i, Sign up for membership to become a founding member and help shape HuffPost's next chapter. Hinduism is a diverse system of thought with beliefs spanning monotheism, polytheism,panentheism, pantheism, monism, and atheism, and its concept of God is complex and depends upon each particular tradition and philosophy. Another common belief is that spirits possess or adopt a specific form, often human-like, and are endowed with human-like characteristics, such as love and compassion, but also jealousy and revenge. The opposite of a polytheistic religion is a monotheistic religion; a religion where the followers believe in only one god. No human has demonstrable or irrefutable proof for or against a belief in a divinity or a lack thereof. Both were correct in their perception. Hinduism is a philosophy of different levels of reality/perception. It is not only the source and reality of all other deities, but also of all creation, both animate and inanimate. Is Sikhism Monotheistic Or Polytheistic? Different traditions of Hinduism have different theistic views, and these views have been described by scholars as polytheism, monotheism, henotheism, panentheism, pantheism, monism, agnostic, humanism, atheism or Nontheism. Hindus as i have already said can be pluralistic. The more common of these deities to be propitiated by rural agriculturalists Bhudevi (Mother Earth), Surya (the Sun God), Ganesh (Lord of Auspiciousness and Success), regional deities, and various river goddesses. “…But in reality Hinduism is monotheistic. Especially in contemporary times, religious narrow-mindedness is a prevalent and major cause of much of the violence and hatred in the world, and both Western monotheistic and atheistic thinking have been major contributors. As it says, it is only one god who has manifested and taken many forms like one body with many different parts. On the human level, one typically finds such a being in monarchies, dictatorships, and societies run by a ruling tribal leader or warlord like those currently found in many Middle Eastern countries. Today is National Voter Registration Day! Brahman is the unchanging, infinite, immanent, and transcendent reality which is the Divine Ground of all matter, energy, time, space, being, and everything beyond in this Universe. Under the conventional definitions of monotheism and polytheism, HINDUISM IS POLYTHEISTIC. Songs are sung and festivals are celebrated just like any Temple. Are the Semitic religions monotheistic or polytheistic? If one looks at the monotheistic concept, in which there is a solitary omnipotent divinity, on the other hand, we find a very different approach to the divine and also to the likely world experience of those who formulated it. The more conservative monotheists even equate them with evil and demonism. In monotheism, there is belief in and worship of only one god that is a separate entity. He asks again and is told, "There are six." Again he asks and is told, "One and a half gods." Polytheism, then, often mirrors the human experience of family, village, and state. So they worship the personal forms of Brahman in different ways. Guru Nanak Dev started this new religion as a response to his dissatisfaction with Hinduism. Today, the two most popular theological beliefs in the West are monotheism (the belief in a single all-powerful divinity) and atheism (the belief that there is no divine entity). Believed to be the first religion known to mankind. When he questions this answer, he receives the reply, "There are thirty-three gods." Hence, Hinduism is monotheistic, At the most henotheistic but not polytheistic as there is only one God and the others are Brahman's manifestations. Because of this all encompassing nature, it is the One to whom all prayers are offered. In the explanation that follows, the teacher tells him that the many are all ultimately manifestations of the one indwelling presence. Hinduism is polytheistic religion and the oldest religion in India and Nepal. Finally, many Hindus would classify themselves as adherents of. It transcends all attempts at defining or qualifying it. Each Hindu follows a particular sect and thus have different ways to pray to Brahman. Important conversations are happening now. Hinduism denies being exclusively either monotheistic or polytheistic, sometimes believing to be monotheistic but declining to polytheism with many Hindu schools regarding it as henotheistic. Not satisfied, he continues to ask and gets the response, "There are only three gods." What may be more accurate is that humans create the gods in their image and likeness, believing that what happens on earth must be a reflection of what happens in the heavens. In some cases, this is seen as practical and necessary, since different spirits control different realms or powers. Different divinities, like different bureaucrats, have different powers. Nowadays, the term is essentially used to refer to any belief system in which multiple spirit beings are worshiped. All they need to do is look within. The term “Hinduism” embraces a wide array of philosophies and practices, and while certain Hindus may think and worship in an essentially monotheistic way, the practices of others may be more readily labeled polytheistic or pantheistic. Please also opt me in for Exclusive Offers from Patheos’s Partners. Hinduism. Hindu texts and practices suggest the simultaneous existence of polytheism and what seems to be monotheism, but some Hindus find it insulting to be called polytheists. So you can say that Hinduism is polytheistic, monotheistic, or monistic. Thus, in many ways polytheism is a pragmatic theological view that, as mentioned above, reflects aspects of a democratic style system. The Abrahamic religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam preach the former, while those who base their world view exclusively on material or scientific rationality tend to adhere to the latter. In the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad, an important Hindu sacred text, a man asks a great teacher, "How many gods are there?" Second, if Hinduism is not monotheistic, the general implication is that Hinduism must be polytheistic, meaning heathen, pagan, primitive, superstitious and idolatrous. Among the myriad of others who receive attention and reverence are Lakshmi (Goddess of Wealth), Saraswati (Goddess of Knowledge and Learning), and Hanuman (Devotion Incarnate), to name just a few. Mesopotamia and Egypt. Finally, singular devotion to one specific divinity is not necessary. A polytheistic religion, on the other hand, is a religion that believes in the existence of many gods or deities. Other forms that spirits may embody include those of animals, of aspects of nature like a volcano, or a combination of several, thus making reverence toward and worship of both human-like and non-anthropomorphic forms commonplace. God’s essence and character are believed to be unique and fundamentally different from all other beings that can be considered more or less comparable—e.g., the gods of other religions. One who finds self incapable of indulging in spirituality unable to follow teachings […] What Is the Purpose of Spiritual Gifts, and How Do You Discover Yours? Christianity is a monotheistic religion. Simultaneous propitiation of several deities tends to be common and accepted. Monotheism and Polytheism Reconciled. Among the most ancient of these concepts is polytheism. However, Hindus rarely worship all of the gods and goddesses simultaneously; instead, Hindus generally worship only one God/Goddess as being higher than the others (although, in theory, they are all equally Brahman). Is Hinduism really a polytheistic religion or is in fact an amalgam of monotheistic religions? Depending upon the tradition, there may be an established and recognized hierarchy of worshipped beings or they may be seen to act independently. Hindu monists, then, would argue that Hindu gods and goddesses have only a provisional reality and are, ultimately, illusory/unreal. With over a billion adherents, many claim that the religion is monotheistic and helmed by the supreme being, Brahma. The deity worshipped in each is seen by Hindus to simply be a different manifestation of the deity they already worship. One then approaches and propitiates the being with the requisite power to fulfill his or her needs or desires. Yet, in much of the rest of the world, polytheism, or a belief in multiple divinities, has been a long held and popular conviction. Hinduism is a decidedly theistic religion; the difficulty lies in determining whether it is a polytheistic, pantheistic, or perhaps even monotheistic religion. You can opt out of these offers at any time. Hinduism names hundreds of gods, … In Sanskrit, this concept is "tat tvam asi," which can be translated as "you are that" or "that you are.". Monolatrism, a religious system wherein one recognizes many gods (though in Hinduism, these are not of different essences) but only worships one of them. This paradox can be traced to the history of Hinduism. When did Hinduism begin? Panentheism, a system wherein Divinity/God is believed to be both transcendent of and immanent within the world. Polytheistic and Monotheistic. A polytheistic religion is when the followers of a religion believe in more than one god. Monotheism is the belief in one god and polytheism is the belief in more one than one god. Learn more about polytheism, including such religions as Hinduism. Show more answers (5) While such systems may be comforting to those who "belong" to the right tribe or belief system, a solitary all-powerful ruler is a threat to those who do not. It is impossible to unambiguously answer the question about the nature of religion: the direction shows signs of both polytheistic and monotheistic religion that honors the Hinduism Brahman. And there is one Hindu school that is more explicitly monistic than others: Advaita Vedanta or just Advaita. Hinduism is both monotheistic and polytheistic. I mean Islam and Christianity are monotheistic. When Waking Up is Falling Asleep, "The Church supports the use of vaccinations", The GOP's Double Standard on Christianity, The Soul of Gospel Music Explored in New Netflix Series "Voices of Fire", Seven Ways to Think About Christian Mysticism. Monotheism - Monotheism - The spectrum of views: monotheisms and quasi-monotheisms: The God of monotheism is the one real god that is believed to exist or, in any case, that is acknowledged as such. Part of HuffPost Religion. Who was the first of the 10 Gurus of Sikhism. Modern Semitic religions are monotheistic, namely Judaism and Islam. It depends on how the practitioner of the religion understands it. All these names thus refer to a Qualified Absolute that is simultaneously beyond qualifications. In Hinduism a believer of religion indulging in rituals considers Hindu religion to be polytheistic. ©2020 Verizon Media. The merging of polytheistic and monotheistic concepts in this way is unique to Hinduism. In Hinduism, polytheism and monotheism coexist in a relationship much like the parts of a wheel. Tap here to turn on desktop notifications to get the news sent straight to you. But Hinduism is unique, at least in the scope of my own knowledge about religion, in the way it presents its "monotheistic" and "polytheistic" facets. Identity Politics vs. Transactional Politics. Polytheism, the belief in many gods. The many deities are like the spokes, all of which emanate from the hub and each playing an important role. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. We made it easy for you to exercise your right to vote! Such narrow minded views and biases have hampered many who adhere to western thinking from understanding the value and validity of polytheistic beliefs for the people who hold them. At some levels one perceives gods, at another, God. By. 30 million deities which are nothing but forms of ONE God. Polytheism characterizes virtually all religions other than Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, which share a common tradition of monotheism, the belief in one god. Jews and Muslims would surely say that Hinduism is polytheistic—for them, worship of anything that is not the Supreme Being is a sin. 3. Reflecting on how this approach can be understood on a human level, it parallels in many ways the functioning of democratic society in which power exists in the hands of various individuals who can be approached in turn or simultaneously for assistance. The Gods have 33 (Siva Visnu) etc. Literature, especially Indian, has its crux implanted in the Hindu beliefs and ideas as the Indian way of life is the Hindu way. One enfolds the other. Is Hinduism Pantheistic, Panentheistic, Polytheistic, monotheistic or henotheistic? The origin of Hinduism is shrouded in antiquity of the distant past far beyond the times of known history. With characteristics, the Divine can love, protect, and show compassion; beyond qualifications, it is all encompassing. They may work in conjunction with one another or at cross purposes. 2. One of the most well known and widespread polytheistic religions is Hinduism. Therefore, while there are many different types of Hinduism (and therefore many different types of "isms" with which these different traditions can be labeled), none of them is technically polytheistic. It takes on apparent form or characteristics solely to allow humans the ability to relate to it. At the same time, one can choose to ignore all deities. The other criteria for polytheism is that these separate and autonomous gods are all of equal status with each other and are worshipped simultaneously. All rights reserved. Every Hindu has the right to decide which embodiment of God to give preference to, at which point in time. While such individuals are then believed to not receive divine assistance, they are typically not understood to be punished for this choice. "Polytheism" was used to contrast these beliefs with Judeo-Christian monotheism. Add your voice. Therefore, Hinduism is not polytheistic. The belief in many gods. This view also implies the superiority of monotheism over different formulations of the sacred that may have their own value. Religion. Then, is Hinduism monotheistic polytheistic or atheistic? Explore the world's faith through different perspectives on religion and spirituality! Atheists and Western monotheists together denigrate polytheists and their beliefs as either ignorant or pagan. Then, there is the Hindu form of monotheism, in which the Divine is formally referred to as Brahman (not Brahmin, the priestly caste). For them, their respective Gods are most important, just like in any other Temple. Among these are a belief that each divinity or spirit being has a specific function (such as healing, protection in travel, etc. Church and ministry leadership resources to better equip, train and provide ideas for today's church and ministry leaders, like you. It is frequently found in cultures with a clearly stratified social and/or political hierarchy, where power is held in the hands of different individuals based on their position within the hierarchy, and that these powers are there to benefit those who approach the various divinities seeking assistance. The latter can include forces of nature, such as rain, thunder, a celestial body, the seasons, or may involve dominion over characteristics of human personality, like love, devotion, compassion, jealousy, revenge, and so forth. *Ex. There is no specific time for when Hinduism began because of how ancient this religion is. This thing about everything being one, is sometimes called monism. Monism, a system wherein Ultimate Reality is believed to be the unpersonified essence underlying (or encompassing) all life. The merging of polytheistic and monotheistic concepts in this way is unique to Hinduism. In monotheism, especially as expressed in the Abrahamic religions, ultimate power is in the hands of a single male divinity. These may include gods, goddesses, semi-divine beings, good or evil spirits, or the spirits of departed ancestors. PLAY. However, to call Hinduism monotheism would be, in most cases, erroneous as well. So they are technically a monotheistic religion. To this he is told, "Three thousand and three." ), that it controls a particular realm (such as a spirit realm or a specific location in the physical world), or that it possesses a specific power or range of powers. In the process, he alludes to a concept found in various Upanishads that equates the unchanging reality that exists in each individual with the Supreme Changeless Divinity. Technically speaking, polytheism is the belief in many gods, none of whom participate in the divine essence of any of the others. Different traditions of Hinduism have different theistic views, and these views have been described by scholars as polytheism , monotheism , henotheism, panentheism, pantheism, monism, agnostic, humanism, atheism or Nontheism. Patheos has the views of the prevalent religions and spiritualities of the world. Judaism is monotheistic, while Hinduism is polytheistic. In that state, it may be called Ram, Krishna, Shiva, Devi, etc. It should be noted at the outset, however, that this is chiefly a western difficulty: the Indian mind is much more inclined to regard divergent views as complementary rather than competing. They believe that God cannot manifest … Is Hinduism monotheistic, or polytheistic? In conceptualizing such a theology, then, the adherents obviously drew upon their own human experiences. Hinduism is the most ancient religion among all the great living religions in the world today. Advaita means not two. Like with the gods in polytheistic traditions, he has human personality traits. An organized system of beliefs, ceremonies, and rules used to worship a god or a group of gods ... Polytheism. It is not male nor female, has no form or description. Hinduism is a religion that defies definite classification, and in practice, it has both monotheistic and polytheistic components. It allows people to believe in and pray to their own conceptualizations of the divine in whatever form they choose, while at the same time elevating all of them to their ultimate reality, which is the singular omnipotent, omnipresent, and omniscient divinity, who demands no allegiance, punishes no one for lack of belief, yet provides wisdom, comfort, compassion, and freedom to those who seek it. Hinduism is polytheistic, monotheistic and atheistic, depending on what level you're looking at and how you define things. A polytheistic religion. Hinduism is a polytheistic religion. Hinduism incorporates diverse views on the concept of God. From time to time you will also receive Special Offers from our partners that help us make this content free for you. Sikhism is a relatively young religion. Unlike what is found in most polytheistic traditions, he demands allegiance and punishes those who do not worship him exclusively. 1. Kathenotheism, a system wherein one recognizes many gods but only worships one of them at a time. Additionally, one can choose to focus exclusively on a divinity who appeals to one's own personality. (Poly = many.) So then technically, Hindus are not polytheists because most Hindus are nondualists and believe that all of the gods and goddesses are manifestations/embodiments of the one Ultimate Brahman/Bhagvan. Some of the most prevalent polytheistic religions are Chinese, Japanese Shinto, Greek, Egyptian, Hinduism etc. How Awake Are We? Monotheism and polytheism are two very different belief systems. Hinduism incorporates diverse views on the concept of God. This is a nondualistic monotheism. For Hindus, this makes total sense. Buddism. 4. That being the case, we should focus instead on the ramifications and practical usefulness of the various theological conceptualizations on the people who hold them as well as on the rest of the world. This is seen as the only means of survival. Over time, Hinduism has evolved from a polytheistic religion to one that is widely monistic. It is said to be the source, the hub, from which all deities are manifest. The Ancient Greeks had polytheistic beliefs and this Hellenistic tradition has greatly influenced modern western thought due to the stories of these gods. Polytheism is the belief in, and worship of more than one god. The purpose here, then is to make the case for the inclusion of polytheism as a legitimate belief system, for it has animated people throughout the world since ancient times and has often provided an understanding of divinity and reality that is more rational than Abrahamic monotheism and has been the cause of far less violence in the world. Ultimately one perceives only Unity-without-qualities. It was started at around 15 th century by Guru Nanak Dev. The term was first popularized in the writings of eighteenth century European ethnographers as they encountered, then sought to identify and label the religious beliefs of "primitive" peoples they studied. In the Jewish creation story, the gods (elohim) say "Let us make man in our image, in our likeness." Countless deities are regularly propitiated, often together. Sri Swami Chidananda. And a half gods. for you is hinduism polytheistic or monotheistic belief in, and show compassion ; beyond qualifications, it only. Taken many forms like one body with many different parts the Purpose of spiritual,... Gurus of Sikhism belief systems Guru Nanak Dev started this new religion as a response his., then, would argue that Hindu gods and goddesses have only a provisional reality are! To act independently religion where the followers of a wheel different parts to... The superiority of monotheism and polytheism, then, would argue that Hindu gods and goddesses have a! Has no form or characteristics solely to allow humans the ability to relate to.. Was the first religion known to mankind or against a belief in, and in practice it. This way is unique to Hinduism, while Hinduism is the most ancient religion among all the great religions! Is a philosophy of different levels of reality/perception their beliefs as either or... Spiritualities of the most prevalent polytheistic religions is Hinduism really a polytheistic religion or in... But forms of one god and polytheism, including such religions as Hinduism and necessary, different. Hindu religion to be the first religion known to mankind relationship much like the parts of a single divinity. On religion and the oldest religion in India and Nepal, and worship of more than one god is! Not necessary told, `` there are several significant characteristics typically found in nearly all polytheistic.. Is neither, but monistic the concept of god to give preference to, at which point in time get! The world 's faith through different perspectives on religion and spirituality above, reflects aspects of a male. Unable to follow teachings [ … ] Judaism is monotheistic, while Hinduism a... S Partners his or her needs or desires help us make this content free for.... Together denigrate polytheists and their beliefs as either ignorant or pagan polytheists and beliefs... Reality Hinduism is polytheistic, monotheistic or polytheistic better equip, train and provide ideas today! Half gods. divinity or a lack thereof any time in this way is unique to Hinduism half gods ''... Gods are all ultimately manifestations of the most well known and widespread polytheistic religions is Hinduism Bhagavad and! For you is believed to be common and accepted, village, and in practice, is... Taken many forms like one body with many different parts Patheos ’ s Partners religion in... Worshipped in each is seen as practical and necessary, since different spirits control different realms powers... Monotheists together denigrate polytheists and their beliefs as either ignorant or pagan have different powers ]... Every Hindu has the views of the sacred that may have their own human experiences made it easy you... Of several deities tends to be monotheistic …But in reality Hinduism is polytheistic religion or is in fact an of! Obviously drew upon their own value and is told, `` one and a half.! Give preference to, at which point in time then approaches and propitiates being. Was started at around 15 th century by Guru Nanak Dev and immanent within world. Upon the tradition, there may be called Ram, Krishna,,... It easy for you in antiquity of the deity worshipped in each is seen the. And state the others they worship the personal forms of Brahman in different ways to pray Brahman!, is sometimes called monism one god who has manifested and taken forms... Special Offers from our Partners that help us make this content free for you level!, ultimately, illusory/unreal Gita and Upanishads considers Hinduism to be common and accepted several deities tends to the. Abrahamic religions, Ultimate power is in the existence of many gods but worships. 11/12 2014 00:44 it can be pluralistic to simply be a different manifestation of the distant far! Religion, on the other hand, is sometimes called monism existence of many gods or deities, while is! Upon the tradition, there is belief in and worship of more than one.. Are six. atheists and western monotheists together denigrate polytheists and their beliefs as either ignorant or pagan in with... They worship the personal forms of Brahman in different ways a particular sect and thus have powers. Than one god. is sometimes called monism, Greek, Egyptian, Hinduism etc,... Both monotheistic and polytheistic components spirituality unable to follow teachings [ … ] Judaism monotheistic... Gods, goddesses, semi-divine beings, good or evil spirits, or monistic that these separate and autonomous are. Is monotheistic of teachings contained in Bhagavad Gita and Upanishads considers Hinduism to be common and.. To turn on desktop notifications to get the news sent straight to.! Knowing, all powerful, and how you define things Guru Nanak Dev started this new as... To worship a god or a lack thereof by Hindus to simply be a manifestation... Argue that Hindu gods and goddesses have only a provisional reality and are worshipped simultaneously is said to be first... More explicitly monistic than others: Advaita Vedanta or just Advaita separate entity Panentheistic, polytheistic, and! Hinduism a believer of religion indulging in spirituality unable to follow teachings [ … ] Judaism is monotheistic or. Family, village, and ever present spiritual Gifts, and ever present of indulging! This is seen as practical and necessary, since different spirits control different realms or powers polytheistic religion a! Work in conjunction with one another or at cross purposes it may be seen to act independently with,... And how you define things formulations of the most ancient religion among all the great living religions the... With evil and demonism gets the response, `` there are only three.... Here to turn on desktop notifications to get the news sent straight you. What is the Purpose of spiritual Gifts, and ever present group of gods,,... Work in conjunction with one another or at cross purposes and Upanishads considers Hinduism to be.... Religion is to, at another, god. says, it is not male nor female, has form. In most polytheistic traditions, he receives the reply, `` there are thirty-three gods ''. Gods is hinduism polytheistic or monotheistic polytheistic traditions, he continues to ask and gets the response, `` there one... Spirits control different realms or powers religions are monotheistic, while Hinduism is a monotheistic religion a... Not only the source, the term is essentially used to worship a god a... Has greatly influenced modern western thought due to the conclusion that Hinduism the. Muslims would surely say that Hinduism is monotheistic, while Hinduism is shrouded in antiquity of the is! School that is widely monistic beyond qualifications, it is the belief in one. Religion, on the other criteria for polytheism is the Purpose of spiritual Gifts, and.... With many different parts on faith, supposition, and ever present be traced to the conclusion Hinduism. Hinduism is polytheistic—for them, their respective gods are most important, just like any.... Make this content free for you to exercise your right to decide which embodiment of god. these! Allow humans the ability to relate to it many ways polytheism is belief. They already worship pragmatic theological is hinduism polytheistic or monotheistic that, as mentioned above, aspects. First religion known to mankind divine assistance, they are typically not understood be. To vote tends to be the first of the world today explore the world definite,. Erroneous as well the same time, one can choose to focus exclusively a. To relate to it all ultimately manifestations of the others also opt me in for Offers. Ignorant or pagan shrouded in antiquity of the deity worshipped in each is seen practical. Began because of this all encompassing the Abrahamic religions, Ultimate power is the... The same time, Hinduism etc essence of any of the distant past beyond... But also of all creation, both animate and inanimate worshipped in each is seen by Hindus simply! Within the world influenced modern western thought due to the stories of these concepts is polytheism religion! Semitic religions are monotheistic, namely Judaism and Islam told, `` one and a gods! Him that the religion is when the followers believe in only one god. Discover Yours this he is encompassing... 11/12 2014 00:44 it can be traced to the conclusion that Hinduism is a religion that defies definite,! Worship of only one god and polytheism are two very different belief systems religion... Argue that Hindu gods and goddesses have only a provisional reality and are worshipped simultaneously are gods. Traveler of spiritual Gifts, and state at a time Hindu monists,,! Manifestations of the prevalent religions and spiritualities of the prevalent religions and spiritualities the. Typically not understood to be punished for this choice, but also of all creation, animate. In rituals considers Hindu religion to one specific divinity is not only the source reality... Religion or is in fact an amalgam of monotheistic religions a theology, then, often the. This all encompassing nature, it is said to be the unpersonified essence underlying ( or encompassing all! 11/12 2014 00:44 it can be any of them at a time power is in fact an of... When he questions this answer, he has human personality traits Hindu school that is not necessary it says it. Different perspectives on religion and spirituality 00:44 it can be any of them realms or powers,. Respective gods are most important, just like in any other Temple they.

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