myanmar railway 1877

The Union of Burma Railway was again reorganized in 1972 and the power and the functions of the Union of the Burma Railway Board were entrusted into the hands of the management committee with the Managing Director who also was to be the Chief Executives as Chairman and the name, Union of Burma Railways was changed to the Burma Railways Corporation. In 1884 the Sittang Valley State Railway, a new company, opened a 166-mile (267 km) line along the Sittang River from Rangoon to Toungoo via Pegu. Three private rail companies were nationalised nineteen years later. The name Burma Railways Corporation was changed to Myanma Railways on 1st April, 1989. Rail transport was first introduced in Myanmar in May 1877 when Lower Burma was a British colony with the opening of the 163-mile (262 km) Yangon to Pyay line by The Irrawaddy Valley State Railway.In 1884, a new company, The Sittang Valley State Railway, opened a 166-mile (267 km) line along the Sittaung River from Yangon to the town of Taungoo via Bago. [1][page needed] This became evident at the start of the Third Anglo-Burmese War (a year after Sittang line opened) and during the unrest which followed the war. Report this profile About ... the Group’s iconic Landmark Project will host the former headquarters of the Myanmar Railway Company built in 1877 which will be restored into the Yangon Peninsula Hotel and complemented by luxury residences, hotel and commercial development. The first railway line in Myanmar was built by the British in 1877 from Yangon to Pyay (then known as Prome), 259km to the northwest, on the banks of the Irrawaddy River. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_rail_transport_in_Myanmar&oldid=990992841, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from December 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Chaung-U-Tawkyaungyi (23.4 km), part of the 406.3-kilometre (252 mi) Chaung-U-Pakokku-Kalaymyo line, Tada-U-Mandalay International Airport (11.8 km), Namsang-Moe-Ne (44.3 km), the first section of the eastern extension of the Thazi-Shwenyaung line, Tavoy-Yephu (17.2 km), part of the 177-kilometre (110 mi) Mawlamyaing-Ye-Tavoy line, Pyay-Myade/Aunglan-Satthwa (145.4 km), an alternative line to Bagan, Kaloggyi-Yephu (141.6 km), part of the 177-kilometre (110 mi) Mawlamyaing-Ye-Dawei line, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 18:08. Being developed on about 10 acres (4.6 hectares) of prime downtown land owned by Myanma Railways, the build-operate-transfer project will feature luxury residences, office towers, a business hotel and serviced apartments, and will also include the heritage-listed Burma Railways headquarters, built in 1877, which is being transformed into a five-star Peninsula hotel. Unusually for a British colonial railway, it was built to 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 ⁄8 in) metre gauge. Site’s Overlap Score 25. Rail transport was introduced in Burma in May 1877 (when Lower Burma was a colony of the United Kingdom and part of British India) with the opening of the Rangoon-to-Prome line by the Irrawaddy Valley State Railway. During the postwar era, the rail network was rebuilt. Myanmar and India were separated in 1937 and the Government of Myanmar formed the Burma Railway Board to look after the affairs of the Myanmar Railways. The Japanese built the lines with Allied prisoners of war, and an estimated 15,000 POWs and 150,000 others died during the construction of the 245-mile (394 km) railway—about 675 deaths per mile. Trains in Myanmar are classified Up (heading north) or Down (heading south), and each route has a number. A lot of track was destroyed during the Second World War, however, and it wasn’t until the early 1960s … The Yangon-Pyay line is Myanmar’s first rail line, dating 1877. The colonial structure of the Yangon railway station and rusting antiquated trains instantly gives you an old time feeling. A 110-mile (180 km) branch line from the Rangoon-Pyay railroad connected Bassein in the Irrawaddy delta to Rangoon, and the Mandalay-Hsipaw-Lashio railway ran 117 miles (188 km) through the Shan Hills (nearly to the border with China). Closing Date 31 October 2017. The station was located on the southern side of the railway compound on the upper block of Phayre Street (now Pansodan Street) in the downtown area. The project also aims to preserve the heritage of the Yangon Central railway station, which was first built in 1877. [4] In 1928, the Burma Railway Company was dissolved; the railways were brought directly under government operation and renamed Burma Railways. myanmar railways. Myanmar Railway Headquarters info This simple but elegant buildings was constructed as the headquarters of the state-run Burma Railways, founded during the British colonial era in 1877. The company's coal and rolling stock were imported from India or Britain. This was a result of bitter price competition among bidders for the procurement of passenger coaches and freight wagons. During the Japanese occupation of Burma, Allied prisoners of war were forced to build the Burma Railway. In 1942 the British Governor took over the powers and functions of the Burma Railway Board and delegated these power to a body of persons with the Chief Railway Commissioner as ex-officio president. The first railway line in Myanmar, between Yangon and Pyay, 161 miles apart, was opened on the 1st of May 1877, by the Irrawaddy State Railway. [6] Between 1898 and 1905, another 278 miles (447 km) of railway was built. The railway opened in 1877 when Myanmar, then known as Burma, was a colony of Britain. This 263 km railway line ran between Yangon and Pyay and was operated by a private company, The Irrawaddy Valley State Railway Company. Each train route also has a designated two- or three-digit number. On the 1st of December 1951, the Union of Burma Railway Board Act was enacted under which a full-time permanent Chairman was appointed, who was also to be the Chief Executive Officer. [7][8] The track rises in a continuous 1:40 gradient, and the viaduct (designed by Alexander Rendel & Sons and built by the Pennsylvania Steel Company) was considered an engineering marvel at the time. [10] Its construction is depicted in the film, The Bridge on the River Kwai. Facilitation of International Railway Transport 9-12 December, 2019 Ba Myint Managing Director MyanmaRailways Ministry of Transport and Communications MYANMAR THE REPUBLIC OF THE UNION OF MYANMAR MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS MYANMA RAILWAYS Rail Infrastructure Development Plan and The 163-mile (262 km) line, following the Irrawaddy River, was built over a three-year period with labour imported from India (particularly the areas affected by the Bihar famine of 1873–74). Early train travel in Myanmar The 5,403-kilometre (3,357 mi) metre gauge rail network consists of 858 stations, and generally spans north to south with branch lines to east and west. In the late 19th century, the growing railway system was administered from these premises. In 1942, The country had 3,313 kilometres (2,059 mi) of meter-gauge track in 1942, but during World War II the Japanese removed about 480 kilometres (300 mi). The Burma Mines Railway, an 80-kilometre (50-mile) 2 ft (610 mm) narrow-gauge line from Namyao (on Myanmar Railways' Mandalay-Lashio branch) via Namtu to Bawdwin, was completed in 1908. [5], The British had long planned to construct a railway line connecting India with Siam (now Thailand) and China. The line was not extended to Mandalay; instead, after 1886 a new railway from Yangon up the Sittang valley was constructed, meeting the Irrawaddy at Mandalay. (hereinafter referred to as " MR "). Start free trial for all Keywords. When it was built, it was the longest such viaduct in the world. 16.96%. This 263 km railway line ran between Yangon and Pyay and was operated by a private [Read more…] Myanmar Train Guide. Myanmar Railways has expanded its network somewhat since 1988. Subscribe to our tender alert mailing list Date: 2nd August, 2017 IFB No: IFB-MR/YCR/UG/CP201 (T) 2017-18, and MR/YCR/UG/CP202 (T) 2017-18 1. 3.86%. This railway created a continuous 724-mile (1,165 km) line from Rangoon to Myitkyina through the Kachin Hills, except for a ferry crossing of the Irrawaddy at Sagaing. Rail transport was introduced in Burma in May 1877 (when Lower Burma was a colony of the United Kingdom and part of British India) with the opening of the Rangoon -to … May 1, 1877 saw the launch of Myanmar’s first railway line creating a better strategic connection with British India, European markets and unconquered parts of the country. The improvement of the section between The Mu Valley State Railway was formed after the opening of this section, and construction began on a rail line from Sagaing to Myitkyina connecting Mandalay to Shwebo (1891), Wuntho (1893),[3] Katha (1895) and Myitkyina (1898). The first railway line in Myanmar, between Yangon and Pyay, 161 miles apart, was opened on the 1st of May 1877,by the Ir-rawaddy State Railway. Rail transport in Myanmar (then Burma) began in 1877. With return on capital declining, Burma Railways became the country's single largest debt item when the financial separation of India and Burma took place in 1937. From Mandalay it crossed the river and, avoiding the Irrawaddy valley, went up the When the Japanese occupied Thailand and Burma, they decided to build a railway connecting their Southeast Asian territories with Burma (partly to facilitate the movement of troops and supplies for their planned invasion of India). Develop and facilitate all forms of international cooperation among Members and facilitate the sharing of best practices (benchmarking). Visitors can stop over in Pyay and travel on to Bagan and Mandalay. Our Mission & Objectives - Developing strategies and initiatives to improve business performance and increase rail transport investment, To promote services, create awareness among to the society especially in safety and strengthen cooperation among ASEAN countries, The State Law and Order Restoration Council took over state power on 18th September 1988 and following the change of the Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma to the Union of Myanmar. In 1884, a new company, The Sittang Valley State Railway, opened a 166-mile (267 km) line along the Sittaung River from Yangon to the town of Taungoo via Bago. was available from Myanmar Railway), which was substantially lower than the estimated required fund. This Railway Board continued to function until the 31st of December 1947. Ganna G. train #120 Sleeper, Myanmar Railways, Feb 14, 2020. The Irrawaddy line was considered commercially important because it could transport rice from the valley to the main port at Rangoon, and the Sittang line was strategically important because of Toungoo's proximity to the border with Upper Burma (then part of the Ava kingdom). (hereinafter referred to as ", Covid-19: 70 new cases, death toll at 109 as at May 11, KL Sentral sees train passengers increase, Social distancing derailed in train due to technical glitch, says KTMB. What later became the Burma Railway eventually extended to more than 4,800 kilometres of track, spanning much of the country, with the main stations being Rangoon (Yangon) and Mandalay. Muse-Lashio-Mandalay Railway Project is a major exit of China and it is also the project linking with Myanmar. We have a dedicated railway tour of … Audience Overlap Similar sites that share the same visitors and search keywords with this site. The first railway line in Myanmar, between Yangon and Pyay, 161 miles apart, was opened on the 1st of May 1877, by the Irrawaddy State Railway. Majority of the workers are given the chance whether to commute or to drive to work. In 1943, retreating British troops destroyed the station to avoid it falling into Japanese hands. The first railway in what was then the British colony of Lower Burma opened in 1877 between Rangoon (Yangon) and Prome (Pyay), a distance of 161 miles (259 km). Myanmar 500+ connections. The Yangon Central Railway Station, which will take at least eight years to complete, is expected to link the south of Yangon to the downtown business district and promote more extensive trade and economic growth across Yangon. After the First World War, a line was built between Moulmein and Ye at the northern end of the Mergui Archipelago. Therefore, it will be okay only if China gets involved, Ba Myint, Managing Director of Myanma Railways, told The Daily Eleven. Yangon, Myanmar (Burma) Since its original construction in 1877, Yangon Central Railway Station has served as an important transportation link for the Burmese people. It is a city halfway between Yangon and Bagan. It was replaced in 1954 by Yangon Central, designed by architect Sithu U Tin, who blended traditional Myanmar and modern design elements. Unusually for a British colonial railway, it was built to 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) metre gauge. Around this time, they began to lose money because of competition from road transport. The original Yangon Budagyi, or main railway station, was built under colonial rule in 1877. By 1961 the network was 3,020 kilometres (1,880 mi) long, remaining constant until the opening of a 36-kilometre (22 mi) line from Kyaukpadaung to Kyini in October 1970. myanmar railway. The first railway in Myanmar was opened in 1877. Pyay is situated on the eastern bank of the Ayeyarwady River on a lovely location. Three private rail companies were nationalised nineteen years later. But in 1896, Irrawaddy State Railway gave way to Burma Railways Co. Ltd. Trains in more remote parts of Myanmartend to be the slowest and least reliable. [4] Until the Thanlwin Bridge opened in 2006, it was impossible to travel from Rangoon to Moulmein by rail. Since Thanbyuzayat was on the Moulmein-Ye railway line and Ban Pong connected to Bangkok via Kanchanaburi, the line would provide a direct connection (with a ferry from Moulmein to Martaban) between Bangkok and Rangoon. British companies examined the possibility of building a railway from Rangoon to Yunnan to link with a second line from Bangkok to Yunnan, but were unable to obtain financial backing.[10]. It is a part of the Western North-South Corridor (Yangon-Pyay-Magway-Mandalay), which is a priority corridor of Myanmar National Transport Plan (MYT-Plan), 4 including 33% of Myanmar’s population and 42% of the gross domestic product. GG. Yangon Central railway station was first built in 1877 by the British to support Burma's first railway line, from Yangon to Pyay. Classes are divided into: Note that, in general, train conditions on the main Yangon to Mandalay route are superior to other lines around the country: trains are cleaner and air conditioning systems are more likely to work. The only thing that was helpful - delivery of tickets to hotel. Rail transport was first introduced in Myanmar in May 1877 with the opening of the 163-mile (262 km) Yangon to Prome line by The Irrawaddy Valley State Railway when Lower Burma was a British colony. Subsequent development was to the same gauge, though the 50 miles (80 km) Burma Mines Railway opened in 1906 operated on a separate 2 ft(610 mm) gauge. [11] The railway had a total length of 5,125 kilometres (3,185 mi) in December 2008, including the Yangon-Mandalay line's double-track section. August 3, 2017 by Thiha. The first railway line in Myanmar, the Yangon-Pyay (then called Prome) line, was put into commission 142 years ago today. Myanmar Railways has expanded its network somewhat since 1988. Most routes are single-track, although large portions of the Yangon-Pyay and Yangon-Mandalay routes are double-track. The post Why Drive a Car than Commute? Upper class has very confortable seats. [9] The Mandalay-Lashio railway was planned to extend to Kunlong (on the border) and into China's Yunnan province, but the plan was abandoned because of the difficult terrain. The railways later became a private company. A.O1 left Yangon Central Railway Station at 6 a.m. and headed to Insein Railway Station, carrying Commissioner Augustus Rivers Thompson and a number of distinguished guests. 1.04%. Answered: History of rail transport in Myanmar This article is part of the history of rail transport series. The name Burma Railways Corporation was changed to Myanma Railways on 1st April, 1989. Join to Connect Yoma Land Real Estate Developer. [2] The construction of the two lines cost £1,926,666; the railway was profitable by 1888, returning more than five percent on capital investment. Muse-Lashio-Mandalay is the second longest railroad section after Yangon-Mandalay in Myanmar. Yangon Circular Railway serves the larger Yangon metropolitan area. Myanmar Railways (MR) (Burmese: မြန်မာ့ မီးရထား, pronounced: [mjəma̰ míjətʰá]; also spelled Myanma Railways; formerly Burma Railways) is the state-owned agency that operates the railway network in Myanmar. This began an upsurge in construction and track-doubling, and Myanmar Railways operated 11 divisions over 5,068 kilometres (3,149 mi) of track by 2000. Three private rail companies were nationalised nineteen years later. 41.63%. At the opening ceremony, the first train pulled by a steam locomotive No. History of Myanmar Railways The first railway in Myanmar was opened in 1877. During the Japanese occupation of Burma, Allied prisoners of war were forced to build the Burma Railway. The first railway line, running from Yangon to Pyay (Prome) and built in 1877, followed the Irrawaddy valley. On the 4th of January 1948, Myanmar gained independence, and a new Railway Board was instituted with Financial Commissioner, Lands and Rural Development, as Chairman. Several trains run daily from Yangon on the first railway line built in Myanmar in 1877. Myanmar Railway Map . [4] In 1907, a line opened connecting Pegu and Moulmein (the capital of British Burma before the Second Anglo-Burmese War). Unusually for a British colonial railway, it seems that it was built to metre gauge. In the last few years the railway branch lines have been extended north towards Bagan. first appeared on Ministry Of Rail Transportation. The line ran to Martaban, on the Gulf of Martaban at the mouth of the Salween River, and passengers had to take a ferry to Moulmein. Myanmar has over 5,400 km of railway track, operated exclusively by Myanmar Railways, a state owned organisation. The first section went into operation in 1877, when Myanmar (then Burma) was a British colony, but the circle was not completed until 1954. But in 1896, Irrawaddy State Railway gave way to Burma Railways Co. Ltd. Operating on a commercial basis and when the company's lease was ended on the 31st of December 1928, Burma Railways was placed under the Indian Railway Board. Rail transport was first introduced in Myanmar in May 1877 when Lower Burma was a British colony with the opening of the 163-mile (262 km) Yangon to Pyay line by The Irrawaddy Valley State Railway. Rail transport in Myanmar (then Burma) began in 1877. [1]:26 With the annexation of Upper Burma, the railway was extended by 220 miles (350 km) from Toungoo to Mandalay (the fallen capital of the Ava kingdom) in 1889. Similarly the Yangon Circular Railway was built during the colonial times dated back in 1954. Coinciding with its completion, Burma’s first railway line opened in 1877 and connected Yangon with Pyay (Prome); a distance of 250 kilometres. [6] The latter railway included the Gokteik viaduct, a 2,260-foot-long (690 m), 320-foot-high (98 m) viaduct across the Gokteik gorge near Nawnghkio. Rail transport in Myanmar (then Burma) began in 1877. Due to … Subsequent development was to the same The building was designed in the British Victorian style and the access roads were bordered by grassy lawns. Burma's last major rail line, from Thazi on the Rangoon-Mandalay line to Kalaw (a hill station in the southern Shan State) was built between 1914 and 1918. Myanmar Railway Invitation for Bid. The first railway opened in Myanmar in 1877, between the Second and Third Anglo-Burmese Wars. By the end of the war, 1,085 kilometres (674 mi) were operational in four isolated sections. In 1896, before the completion of the line to Myitkyina, the rail companies were combined into the publicly owned Burma Railway Company. So nice experience to travel slowly through Myanmar, and share this moment with burmese families, monks, and all those who pick up the train to sell some food etc. The State Law and Order Restoration Council took over state power on 18th September 1988 and following the change of the Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma to the Union of Myanmar. [1][page needed] The Inwa Bridge at Sagaing, Burma's only bridge across the Irrawaddy, opened in 1934[4] with two decks: one for road traffic and one for trains.[5]. Since Yunnan was in Chinese hands under Chiang Kai-shek, they looked for a southern route to Burma from Thailand and settled on a line from Ban Pong to Thanbyuzayat across the mountains separating the two countries. In 1884, a new company, The Sittang Valley State Railway, … 1,000 mm ( 3 ft 3 ⁄8 in ) metre gauge built by end... Connecting India with Siam ( now Thailand ) and China private rail companies were nationalised years... To Myanma Railways on 1st April, 1989 put into commission 142 years ago.. ( now Thailand ) and China a British colonial railway, it was between! Least reliable by Myanmar Railways has expanded its network somewhat since 1988 Myanma Railways on 1st April, 1989 heritage... ], the growing railway system was administered from these premises sites that share the same the first railway,. A State owned organisation, then known as Burma, Allied prisoners of war were forced to build Burma!, a State owned organisation lower than the estimated required fund retreating British troops destroyed the station to avoid falling... Cooperation among Members and facilitate the sharing of best practices ( benchmarking ) for a colonial... Built by the end of the Yangon Central railway station and rusting antiquated trains instantly gives an... Colonial times dated back in 1954 # 120 Sleeper, Myanmar Railways, a State owned organisation private. [ Read more… ] Myanmar train Guide with Myanmar railway station and antiquated. Bank of the History of rail transport series 1905, another 278 miles ( 447 km of. Owned Burma railway company of bitter price competition among bidders for the procurement of passenger coaches and freight.! Between Moulmein and Ye at the opening ceremony, the first railway in Myanmar ( then Prome. And rolling stock were imported from India or Britain the 31st of December 1947 120 Sleeper, Railways. Route also has a designated two- or three-digit number opening ceremony, British! Prome ) and China its network somewhat since 1988 from Rangoon to Moulmein by rail `` MR `` ) to. Function Until the 31st of December 1947 you an old time feeling the. Station was first built in 1877, between the second and Third Anglo-Burmese Wars the eastern bank of History. 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Corporation was changed to Myanma Railways on 1st April, 1989 of Burma, Allied prisoners of war were to..., it seems that it was built, it was built between Moulmein Ye... Audience Overlap Similar sites that share the same visitors and search keywords with this site the name Railways... U Tin, who blended traditional Myanmar and modern design elements and the access roads were bordered grassy! The History of rail transport in Myanmar are classified Up ( heading north ) Down! Budagyi, or main railway station, built by the British in 1877 Sithu U Tin who... ) metre gauge 1877 when Myanmar, then known as Burma, a! Railway Board continued to function Until the 31st of December 1947 publicly owned Burma.. This time, they began to lose money because of competition from road transport also has designated... Postwar era, the Irrawaddy Valley Board continued to function Until the Thanlwin Bridge opened in 1877 ] the. 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South ), which was substantially lower than the estimated required fund was replaced 1954! Irrawaddy Valley State railway company administered from these premises by the British to support Burma first! A private [ Read more… ] Myanmar train Guide the line to,... Began in 1877 when Myanmar, the rail companies were nationalised nineteen years later ] between 1898 1905. Private [ Read more… ] Myanmar train Guide parts of Myanmartend to be the slowest and least reliable and! Prisoners of war were forced to build the Burma railway by grassy.! Rangoon to Moulmein by rail station is Myanmar ’ s first rail line running! 1877 when Myanmar, then known as Burma, Allied prisoners of war were forced to build the railway... Pulled by a private company, the Yangon-Pyay ( then called Prome ) and China 4 ] Until the Bridge. Section after Yangon-Mandalay in Myanmar was opened in 1877 were combined into the publicly owned Burma railway similarly the Central... India or Britain ’ s largest train station, which was first built in 1877 city... Somewhat since 1988, a line was built to 1,000 mm ( ft... During the Japanese occupation of Burma, was a result of bitter price competition among bidders for the procurement passenger. It seems that it was impossible to travel from Rangoon to Moulmein by rail on to Bagan Mandalay... Among Members and facilitate all forms of international cooperation among Members and facilitate all forms international... Develop and facilitate the sharing of best practices ( benchmarking ) train route also has a designated or... Trains in more remote parts of Myanmartend to be the slowest and least reliable facilitate all of... Audience Overlap Similar sites that share the same the first railway opened in 1877 by the British had planned..., the growing railway system was administered from these premises designed in the film the. Project is a major exit of China and it is a city halfway between Yangon and Pyay and travel to. Imported from India or Britain first world war, a State owned organisation three private companies...

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