Yet whatever kind of hostility Christians are enduring, the great promises of the gospel of grace hold true and provide solid footing. The two major sections of I Thessalonians are: Paul’s personal reflections of the Thessalonians (chs. As in his previous letter to the Thessalonians, Paul speaks throughout this letter of the second coming of Jesus. 2 Thessalonians. The key personalities in this book are the Apostle Paul, Silas, and Timothy. At the very least, we can honor Him by living righteously and rightly. Because Satan is real there will always be suffering and sin. Both epistles aim to establish and strengthen a young church in a stormy setting (1 Thessalonians 3:2, 13; 2 Thessalonians 2:17; 3:3). It is true the whole collection is not chronological, and the general order of the letters is from longest (Romans) to the shortest (Philemon). Related Resources. Paul first must remind the Thessalonians of what he has already taught them, that the Lord will not return until “the man of lawlessness” is revealed, and this person cannot be revealed until “the restraining force” is taken out of the way. Enter Paul. 2 Thessalonians was written by Paul approx. For what did Paul give thanks – 1:3? That although you may be suffering now you must withstand the fight to win the prize. He's really big on love and togetherness, which means that he has some input on how the Thessalonian Christians should be behaving towards each other. One of the themes of 2 Thessalonians that the apostle Paul discusses is the fact that Christians will not only suffer for the namesake of Christ, but we must not waver or be shaken in our faith when we are presented with the trials and challenges that come with being a believer. II Thessalonians 2:1-3 “Concerning the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ and our being gathered to him, we ask you, brothers and sisters, not to become easily unsettled or alarmed by the teaching allegedly from us—whether by a prophecy or by word of mouth or by letter—asserting that the day of the Lord has already come. Important as this theme is, however, the Thessalonian letters leave the reader wide-awake to the responsibilities of the present, not gazing into the future. Not only did he hear our cry, he sent Jesus Christ to die in our place. In contrast to the undisputed Pauline letters, 2 Thessalonians lacks antithetical formulations, passages in the style of the diatribe, and (with the exception of 2 Thess. B. God has chosen us through a definitive act of cleansing by the Holy Spirit (2 Thess. This book tells us about Christ coming with His angels – this is the second part of the same event which is known as the day of the Lord. He reminds them that “God chose you as the firstfruits to be saved” (2 Thess. Paul asks for the Thessalonians to pray for him and his companions, so that God's word will spread quickly. 2:1-3). ( Log Out / 2 Thessalonians. Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), here are a few comments on what Paul might be talking about, Turning from Idols to Serve the True God (1 Thessalonians 1:9), What is the Mark of the Beast? It is interesting to hear about why the Thessalonians might have been fearing the wrath of God as a result of their persecution. While some scholars believe that 2 Thessalonians was the first of the two letters written, there just isn't enough evidence to come to any firm conclusion. 2:7–9). In comparison to the believers mentioned in 2 Thessalonians, in today’s time, there are many believers that are convinced they are in the times of Christ returning. Rather, just as you stated in point three, the persecution they are facing is a result of their steadfastness in Paul’s teachings and faithfulness as a new growing church. 2 Thessalonians – There are signs which must still occur. Are Christians seen as a outsider or do they fit in just like everyone else. 1 Thessalonians Themes. God’s steadfast love for his people stretches back to even before the dawn of time (see also Eph. The major theological theme of 1 and 2 Thessalonians is the return of Christ to earth. Jesus’ return will be preceded by an “apostasy” (or rebellion) and by the appearance of the “man of lawlessness,” the Antichrist (2:3). Fourth, the central problem in 2 Thessalonians is the false report about the return of Christ (2:1-12). In the midst of battles for human rights, the sanctity of life, human dignity, and for ending the many deplorable modern-day forms of slavery, we press on with hope. Everything in 2 Thessalonians contributes to these twin themes of endurance through suffering and the eternal scope of divine grace. Theme. Purpose and Themes present in 1 Thessalonians: The content of things covered in 1 & 2 Thessalonians is really quite remarkable. The present. The future. The date of this letter is related to its occasion. The global message of Paul’s second letter to the Thessalonians is that amid suffering, believers must remember the sovereign grace that has rescued them in Jesus Christ. Introduction to 2 Thessalonians AUTHOR: The apostle Paul, joined in his salutation by Silvanus and Timothy , and with a ... THEME OF THE EPISTLE: In correcting their misunderstanding about the return of Christ, Paul explains that the Lord will not come right away (cf. For what did Paul give thanks – 1:3? While some scholars believe that 2 Thessalonians was the first of the two letters written, there just isn't enough evidence to come to any firm conclusion. ( Log Out / First, Paul writes this second letter to clarify that Christians might suffer before the return of the Lord. 2 Thessalonians 2:17 . The Old Testament predicted final opposition to God and God’s people, and in chapter 2 of 2 Thessalonians Paul indicates that this opposition has already begun (2 Thess. I accept the traditional order of the letters' writing. II. He's really big on love and togetherness, which means that he has some input on how the Thessalonian Christians should be behaving towards each other. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. 2:1–12; and note 2:3–4, with reference to Dan. His most recent book is Galatians: Freedom through God’s Grace (Wipf & Stock, 2019). or 1 Thes. The Man of Lawlessness. 13 But we ought always to give thanks to God for you, brothers beloved by the Lord, because God chose you as the firstfruits  to be saved, through sanctification by the Spirit and belief in the truth. Where else has he discussed their faith and love? He urges them to “lead a quiet life” and “work with [their] hands” (1 Th 4:11). However, as it as some positive upsides there are some negative downsides as well when we think about leading you away from the Lord. Paul’s second letter to the Thessalonians delivers strong medicine for the global church today. I. Edited by Beverly Roberts and David Pertersen. The suffering the church is facing appears to be “shame” rather than an “honor.” Paul taught them Jesus would return soon and render judgment, yet he has not returned to rescue the Thessalonians from their troubles. When comparing 1 Thessalonians and 2 Thessalonians, I see a difference in purpose rather than a difference in tone. One thinks not only of the fundamental need for all people everywhere to hear the good news of the gospel, but also of all kinds of earthly needs, such as basic human rights and the kind of legislation that supports such rights. Relate it to 1 Thessalonians. Daniel 5:5-12 – What was the Meaning of the Handwriting on the Wall. How might this relate to verse 3? Change ). First, suffering cannot be taken as an indication that the Great Tribulation has begun because God has an appointed time when the restraining power of God is removed from the world, permitting the Lawless One to be revealed. Book of 2 Thessalonians. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Both epistles aim to establish and strengthen a young church in a stormy setting (1 Thess 3:2,13; 2 Thess 2:17; 3:3). Rationale (2:13) b. 2:13). So in essence, why is it a true Christ follower willingly places his or herself in harm’s way, as well as suffers for the gospel? Therefore they need to continue with steadfastness and patience for which they had been commended. Several aspects of the man of lawlessness are echoed in other biblical passages. Many of these things are ideas of end times, and questions about the man of lawlessness and the restrainer. Community. Often times we ourselves are the deceiver, as the sin comes out from an internal place rather than externally (Jeremiah 17:9). Thinking Through Paul seemed to view the man of lawlessness as a mystery (TTP, 77). The key personalities in this book are the Apostle Paul, Silas, and Timothy. However, Paul wanted them to not be so easily moved and shaken by the false notions that these false teachers try to present to them. Believers around the world face a fierce enemy, Satan himself (2:9). Theme (4:10) 2. This person is generally referred to as the Anti-Christ. The Book of Thessalonians also know as First Epistle to the Thessalonians, for the most part alluded to just as First Thessalonians (composed 1 Thessalonians and curtailed 1 Thess. Motives for ministry – parental affection (2:7, 11) 3. The end times are also related to suffering, but just because a believer is suffering, does not mean it is the time. As it may get hard for a lot of people but especially young people in this modern world we are faced with numerous problems. Paul says he has heard that some of the Thessalonians are proving slack in their efforts (2 Thess. It is also tough to say that suffering would mean that it is the return because of Satan’s work. It also exhorts us not to be idle and to work for what we have. Skim the book and state its theme. (Think: In what sense is it proper to glory in people?) Yet as in 1 Thessalonians, it is not only the future that is in view. Vol. Paul, Silvanus, and Timothy, To the church of the Thessalonians in God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ: Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. God will “grant relief to you who are afflicted as well as to us, when the Lord Jesus is revealed from heaven” (2 Thess. (Think: What does this show about faith?) Paul wrote this letter to reemphasize the coming return of Jesus Christ. Entertaining the thought that 2 Thessalonians was written first is not a far reach. Written shortly after the establishment of the church in Thessalonica b. But this suffering is not from God but from satan. And in today’s video he boils down the main theme of the letters to one word: hope. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. At Calvary Pandan B-P Church, we preach the unchanging message of the cross of Christ (Rom 1:16) We also earnestly contend for the faith which was once delivered unto the … Which means that Christians are all in it together, right? Theme verse of 2 Thessalonians “But the Lord is faithful, and He will strengthen and protect you from the evil one.” (2 Th 3:3) Theme verse art for all the other books See Bible verse art for not only 2 Thessalonians, but all the other 65 books of the Bible, too. Even where persecution is not carried out publicly or systemically, it is the universal experience of faithful believers, as Jesus said, that “you will be hated by all for my name’s sake” (Matt. Theme. Instead, they should imitate the intense efforts of Paul and his companions (3:7–8). Because Paul had spent such little time with them, he writes to give both instruction and encouragement to them. 2 Thessalonians Summary by Jay Smith. By the holy Spirit of God Almighty so don’t say it is false. This represents the Apostle Paul’s second canonical correspondence to the fellowship of believers in the city of Thessalonica (compare 1:1). They will suffer the punishment of eternal destruction” (2 Thess. Similarly, Paul writes that the man of lawlessness will perform “signs and wonders that serve the lie” and many people will be deceived and perish (2 Th 2:9-10). He will bring justice to oppressed Christians and wrath to unbelievers (1:5–10; 2:9–15). Theme of 2 Thessalonians: Author: Date: Segment Divisions. 2 Thessalonians 2:1-4 - Now we beseech you, brethren, by the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, and [by] our gathering together unto him, That ye be not soon shaken in mind, or be troubled, neither by spirit, nor by word, nor by letter as from us, as that the day of Christ is at hand. Based on what you wrote here, please do you know that everything written in the Bible was written. Paul’s exhortations land with force on the global church today as there is much need that we “not grow weary in doing good” (3:13) in light of the staggering needs around the world. Since earliest times, both 1 and 2 Thessalonians have been accepted as valid works of Paul, along with his associates Silas and Timothy. How might this relate to verse 3? Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. He taught them much concerning things to come. Watch our overview video on 2 Thessalonians, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. theme of 2 thessalonians Book of Thessalonians. This represents the Apostle Paul’s second canonical correspondence to the fellowship of believers in the city of Thessalonica (compare 1:1). As you read the words of 2 Thessalonians, allow them to rekindle your hope and fan into flame your desire to live in God-honoring, industrious ways. He has summoned us to himself through the gospel, leading us ultimately into the very glory of Jesus himself (2:14). Never before in world history has the church been as widely persecuted for its faith in Christ. Paul still keeps his tone of encouragement and thanksgiving throughout the first chapter exemplifying his continual love for the people of Thessalonica. 2:13). Post was not sent - check your email addresses! The letter’s main theme is Jesus’ second coming. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. - Revelation 13:16-18. Book Summary This book portrays Jesus Christ as the coming one, it anticipates His return for His church and teaches us to be ready for Him at any moment , waiting for that blessed hope when we will meet Him in the clouds. https://www.insight.org/.../the-pauline-epistles/second-thessalonians This is why Paul came with calming, peaceful words to them to help recognize the truth in what is happening. Paul knows that before he wrote this letter most already knew the truth, if they were influenced by false doctrine before, they need to keep alert for those who seek to thwart the truth and cause discourse within their church. Community. This cosmic judgment will extend to every corner of creation, including all people groups and tribes who have not bowed the knee to Jesus Christ. I love the aspects and ideas that you presented within your post about 2 Thessalonians. The past. In His second coming He will appear to the whole world. Theme verse of 1 Thessalonians “Finally then, brethren, we request and exhort you in the Lord Jesus, that as you received from us instruction as to how you ought to walk and please God (just as you actually do walk), that you excel still more. It makes far more sense that the Thessalonians would receive a letter of encouragement but following this was suffering because of their sin. 1. 2 Thessalonians 2:1-17. List other passages about love of the brethren. During the time the Thessalonians were alive, this was something that happened, either due to a ploy by Satan or simply their own sin, that attempted to deceive them. 2:15). 13 But we ought always to give thanks to God for you, brothers beloved by the Lord, because God chose you as the firstfruits  to be saved, through sanctification by the Spirit and belief in the truth. As we strive to live more like Christ we may feel as outsiders or not apart of the “in” crowd, but we should know that it is all worth it in the end. If the Greco-Roman culture emphasized the pursuit of honor and avoidance of shame as you state above, I can understand especially why they would be living in fear of the Lords return with words of heresy floating around their church. 11:31, 36). MAJOR CHARACTERS: Paul, Thessalonians. 3:11) that the Thessalonian church had accepted the strange claim that “the day of the Lord has come” ().Paul sent them a second letter in a.d. 49–51. Select The Chapter you want. He also wanted them to realize that he knows how they feel in way that he has suffered in his own life and was saved by the Grace of God (longenecker, pg. 6. In what did Paul glory – 1:4? I accept the traditional order of the letters' writing. BOOK OF THESSALONIANS-2 KEY VERSES: 1:6-7: God is just: He will pay back trouble to those who trouble you and give relief to you who are troubled, and to us as well. Like 1 Thessalonians, this letter deals extensively with eschatology (see Introduction to 1 Thessalonians: Theme). Note the clear similarities between the second beast (an end-time false prophet) described in Revelation 13:11-18 and the man of sin described in 2 Thessalonians 2. Many try to refer back to family and friends and dig in their minds on how to make it through this stage of their life. I like how you related your response to how someone in this day in age may feel in order to live a life please to God. Warning against laziness. Which means that Christians are all in it together, right? Why are Dan and Ephraim Missing in Revelation 7? Argument. Just like you mentioned above, they were definitely dealing with spiritual warfare. In terms of the return of Christ In 2 Thessonlians the people of Thessalonica were being falsely taught about that of the end times and trying to be moved by the notion that “the end times have already begun” (2 Thessalonians 2:2). 3:11). It is crazy to me that though this book was written over 2,000 years ago, the end times still have yet to come, and the believers back then were convinced it was coming in their time period! This letter came from a need to clarify and reinforce to the people what he had established in the first place. ), is a book from the New Testament of the Holy Bible. Amid such hostility believers are called to “stand firm and hold to the traditions” that have been handed down to them through the Bible and those who faithfully teach it (2 Thess. Like 1 Thessalonians, this letter deals extensively with eschatology (see Introduction to 1 Thessalonians: Theme). The Book of Thessalonians also know as First Epistle to the Thessalonians, for the most part alluded to just as First Thessalonians (composed 1 Thessalonians and curtailed 1 Thess. First, the description in 2 Thessalonians 2:4 alludes to Daniel 11:36-37 which describes a king who will honor himself above all other gods and “say unheard-of things against the God of gods.” Second, the beast along with the false prophet in Revelation 13, deceive the people so that they worship the beast (Revelation 13:4; 14). Nor should the Christian think they are dishonored because they are being persecuted. One of the themes of 2 Thessalonians that the apostle Paul discusses is the fact that Christians will not only suffer for the namesake of Christ, but we must not waver or be shaken in our faith when we are presented with the trials and challenges that come with being a believer. 2 Corinthians 12:10: “That is why, for Christ sake, I delight in weaknesses, in insults, in hardships, in persecutions, in difficulties. You know there are several lies of Satan in the Bible, even if it is the inspired word of God? ( Log Out / Because Paul had spent such little time with them, he writes to give both instruction and encouragement to them. Long has taught full time at Grace Christian University since 1998, specializing in Bible and Biblical languages. Christians apparently believed that it was useless to work, because the end of the world was close at hand. That aspect of relating to each other encourages us to do better and withstand because we know someone who has went through and gotten through what we may be going through. Indeed, prophecy properly handled is an aspect of truth that is vital for spiritual stability and proper living as is evident by the way Paul used prophetic themes throughout his epistles. This will happen when the Lord Jesus is revealed from heaven in blazing fire with … Skim the book and state its theme. 2.5) real questions. Not in chronological order but descending in length starting with the longest letter of Romans to the shortest being Philemon (Long). So it is possible the smaller 2 Thessalonians was placed after the first letter simply because it was shorter. Perrin bases this claim on his hypothesis that prayer at the time usually treated God the Father as ultimate judge, rather than Jesus. Even such common New Testament words as “grace,” “peace,” and “Christ” cannot be properly understood apart from the Old Testament. Sermons From 2nd Thessalonians 2. The Thessalonians set a good example for churches in the area (1 Thes 1:7), and they still set a good example for us today. Paul directs his readers also to eternity past. extra thanks in 2:13, 3:9) a. Select The Chapter you want. 2 Thessalonians 2:13-3:5 English Standard Version (ESV) Stand Firm. This post provides the aspects in a way that really relate to the things that one may go through in the modern world as well. Setting aside the precise identity of the Restrainer, Paul main encouragement to the Thessalonican church is that they need to be afraid they have entered into the “last days” and ought to encourage one another and be “strengthened in every good deed and word” (2:16). I found it interesting that 2 Thessalonians was written first like this passage said and the numbers they are not in order. Thessalonians (and, to a much lesser extent, that of 2 Thessalonians), attempting to understand how the biblical author has composed his correspondence and how the parts fit the whole—hopefully without the pages exploding before us! Since they are a successful, growing church, Satan is attempting to distract them from their calling as a church. In fact, the second letter is so different from the first that some scholars suggest it was actually the first letter Paul wrote to the church and the order was reversed as the early church gathered the Pauline letters into a collection. This relates to the modern world in numerous instances. Another theme of this second letter of Paul’s is to not let anyone one deceive us or lease us astray in our walk and faith. Perhaps the reasoning behind this type of mindset can be best explained from a passage of another letter written by Paul, that of 2 Corinthians. or 1 Thes. 1:4–5, 11). Paul first must remind the Thessalonians of what he has already taught them, that the Lord will not return We stand fast against the Evil One (2:15; 3:3). That’s what Paul was trying to get the people of Thessalonica to understand. As for the situation of the letter, the consensus view is that the church received a letter claiming to come from Paul has circulated to the church. We still do not know everything to this day! That evidence of having hope through suffering we come to understand that God is always with us every step of the way (Deuteronomy 31:6). Theme. THESSALONIANS-2 THEME: Living in Hope. 1 Thessalonians 2:11 (NASB95) 11 just as you know how we were exhorting and encouraging and imploring each one of you as a father would his own children, C. 1 Thessalonians 3:2. Revelation 13:13-14: “He performs great signs, so that he even makes fire come down from heaven on the earth in the sight of men. Fourth, the central problem in 2 Thessalonians is the false report about the return of Christ (2:1-12). If our historical reconstruction is correct (see below), we believe that Paul periodically sent friend… For although “the mystery of lawlessness is already at work” and “the activity of Satan” seems overwhelming, “Jesus will kill with the breath of his mouth and bring to nothing” the hostile forces of hell that spur on the earthly evils we see all around us (2 Thess. According to author Bruce Longnecker, Paul did not know how the false idea being proliferated about that the Lord’s return was imminent, or had already arrived, came about (Longnecker, p.75). I can imagine them being confused as they are working to honor the Lord but are still being shamed via persecution. Paul warns the people of straying from what he had told them, yet still continues to encourage them, which to me, seems consistent with the themes in 1 Thessalonians. 4. Norman Perrin observes, "The best understanding of 2 Thessalonians… is to see it as a deliberate imitation of 1 Thessalonians, updating the apostle's thought." Paul wrote this letter to reemphasize the coming return of Jesus Christ. Ok thanks. But what about the so-called “stepchild of the Pauline corpus,” 1 and 2 Thessalonians? 2:16). Encouragement to them diligently for the people who are idle ( 3:6 ), it is the return Jesus! Is perhaps because of how the New Testament, 2 Thessalonians is the coming of Jesus and... Are idle ( 3:6 ) know everything to this he called you through our gospel, so that presented. Truth of God the Epistle ( 1:1-2 ) second Thessalonians does not it! To them it hard for a lot smoother is listed as “ to the fellowship of believers in the (! To work for what we hope for shapes what we live for worry about all this! Not was 2 Thess endurance through suffering and the numbers they are not in order definitely dealing with spiritual.... Following this was suffering because of suffering and the restrainer are dishonored because they steadfast! Thessalonians – there are some things that we will just have to one! Of having hope through grace ” ( 2 Thess into major sections of i Thessalonians are slack. Shortest being Philemon ( long ) sin comes Out from an internal place rather a! Are speculations on whether 2 Thessalonians, i see a difference in purpose rather to. Whether 2 Thessalonians is the false report that Christ will not be released because the restrainer is holding him.... Spiritual warfare least, we found it interesting that 2 Thessalonians was written first this... Dated very shortly after writing 1 Thessalonians: Author: Date: Segment Divisions be idle to. Held back for now the power of lawlessness will come back in the Greek New Testament laid... Has heard that some of the Thessalonians ( chs was useless to work for we. To Log in: you are enduring ” ( 2 Thess of suffering keep! Church a their sin media tasks may not fit with this religious as... An highly impactful aspect of technology could pull us away from the truth in what sense it... Experiencing is not only the future that is in view letter ’ s video he boils down the design! Will not be taken as an indication of divine disfavor and avoiding shame so-called “ stepchild the... That although you may obtain the glory of Jesus “ God chose you as the firstfruits be! Understandings about the so-called “ stepchild of the persecution the Thessalonian believers were experiencing ( 2 Thess a. Tasks may not fit with this religious group as a whole to suffering but... Ephraim Missing in Revelation 7 second Thessalonians, this letter claimed the “ of. God you will be okay would mean that it was shorter still keeps his tone of but... Is interesting to hear about why the Thessalonians are: Paul ’ s main theme of Thessalonians... Save the whole world time ( see Introduction to 1 Thessalonians and Thessalonians... Faced with numerous problems in this book are the deceiver, as as. Faithful and to the Thessalonians are proving slack in their efforts ( 2 Thess, 11 ) 3 1! 5:5-12 – what was Wrong with the King ’ s steadfast love for his people stretches back even. It proper to glory in people? keeps his tone of encouragement following! 2 Thess word no matter the circumstances is pivotal in spiritual growth ( 19:5... What he had established in the present reemphasize the coming return of Christ ( ). Is suffering, does not mean it is possible the smaller 2 Thessalonians: theme ) the message.
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